Contact Us
    CONTACT US

    Please use the contact form to send us an email - and receive a response within 12 hours.

    Emergency? Call 720-220-2277 (24/7)







    Please leave this field empty.

Map To Our Office
Read Out Blog
Case Evaluation
Charged With A Crime?

Colorado Criminal Law – Early Termination Of Colorado Sex Offender Probation And The Impact Of A Violation Of A Deferred Judgment

By H. Michael Steinberg Colorado Sex Crimes Criminal Defense Lawyer

Colorado Criminal Law - Early Termination Of Colorado Sex Offender Probation And The Impact Of A Violation Of A Deferred Judgment

_______________________
Colorado Criminal Law – Early Termination Of Colorado Sex Offender Probation And The Impact Of A Violation Of A Deferred Judgment

Colorado Criminal Law – Early Termination Of Colorado Sex Offender Probation And The Impact Of A Violation Of A Deferred Judgment – Colorado’s Sex Offender Lifetime Supervision Act of 1998 (SOLSA), § 18-1.3-1001 to -1012, C.R.S. is one of the harshest statutory schemes for isolating and punishing convicted sex offenders in the entire nation.

A sentence to lifetime – indeterminate sex offender probation often “sets up the offender for failure” and many District Attorneys know that success over this length of intensive supervision probation is nearly impossible and many fail. But some succeed and they make it to the ten year mark and freedom.

The Ten Year Sex Offender Intensive Supervision Probation “Escape Hatch”

Under the law a lifetime sentence to probation can be terminated as follows:

A Court “may sentence a sex offender to probation for an indeterminate period of at least ten years for a class 4 felony . . . and a maximum of the sex offender’s natural life[.]” 18-1.3- 1004(2)(a).

After such an offender has served ten years of probation, he or she may petition the district court to be discharged from the indeterminate probation sentence.

The law 18-1.3-1008(2) – reads as follows:

[O]n completion of ten years of probation for any sex offender convicted of a class 4 felony, the court shall schedule a review hearing to determine whether the sex offender should be discharged from probation.

In making its determination, the court shall determine whether the sex offender has successfully progressed in treatment and would not pose an undue threat to the community if allowed to live in the community without treatment or supervision.

The sex offender’s probation officer and treatment provider shall make recommendations to the court concerning whether the sex offender has met the requirements of this section such that he or she should be discharged from probation.

The law is exacting – a Judge has no discretion under section to terminate a sex offender’s probation before he or she has completed the minimum term of 10 years of intensive sex offender probation required by section 18- 1.3-1004(2)(a).

What If The Defendant Begins His Colorado Sex Offender Probation In A Diversion Program Or On A Deferred Judgment And Sentence And Is Later Revoked?

This issue was recently answered by the Colorado Court of Appeals in a 2015 case.

The Question before the Colorado Court of Appeals was this:

Does the time served before a revoked deferred judgment count against the ten year minimum probation requirement?

In a word, the Court answered …It does not.

The Reasoning Of The Court

In finding that the period of a deferred judgment supervision in this context does no constitute a sentence to probation, the Court of Appeals looked at the meaning of the word “probation.” The Court found that supervision under a deferred judgment is not the same as a sentence to probation under the SOLSA and that:

“… only time served on probation may count toward rendering a sex offender eligible for discharge of a probation sentence.”

A “‘sentence’ generally refers to that part of a judgment which describes the punishment imposed by the court following the defendant’s conviction for a criminal offense,” and probation is a form of sentence that may be imposed upon entry of a judgment.

“Probation” as “a sentence not involving confinement which imposes conditions and retains authority in the sentencing court to modify the conditions of the sentence or to resentence the offender if he violates the conditions.”

With “true” probation even if a Defendant successfully completes probation, the judgment of conviction remains on his or her criminal record. Now compare a deferred judgment plea bargain. While it may seem as if the Defendant is on probation while serving a deferred judgment and sentence – a “DJ” is a dispositional alternative imposed in lieu of a judgment and sentence.

Understanding The True Legal Nature Of A Colorado Deferred Judgment In A Colorado Sex Offender Case

While a deferred judgement when used in a Colorado felony may seem like the same brand of sex offender probation under the Colorado’s Sex Offender Lifetime Supervision Act of 1998 it is not and the Colorado Court Of Appeals explains that difference:

The Court writes further:

Unlike the consequence of a successfully completed probation sentence, when the Defendant fully complies with the conditions of the deferred judgment for the prescribed period,

‘the plea of guilty previously entered shall be withdrawn and the charge upon which the judgment and sentence of the court was deferred shall be dismissed with prejudice.’

In other words – a sentence to probation may be imposed upon entry of a judgment of conviction, but a deferred judgment is not a sentence and is not imposed in connection with a judgment.

While the conditions of a deferred judgment are similar or even – at times – the same as real probation, the law views them differently.

Because the law that permits early termination of a lifetime probation sentence under Colorado’s Sex Offender Lifetime Supervision Act, the “Act” mentions only “probation” and not the kind of supervision that occurs under a deferred judgment and therefore deferred judgment “probation” is not counted toward the 10 year threshold minimum number of years required before early termination of the lifetime probation supervision can occur.

Colorado Criminal Law – Early Termination Of Colorado Sex Offender Probation And The Impact Of A Violation Of A Deferred Judgment

If you found any of the information I have provided on this web page article helpful please click my Plus+1 or the Share buttons for Twitter and Facebook below so that others may also find it.

Never stop fighting – never stop believing in yourself and your right to due process of law.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: H. Michael Steinberg – Email The Author at hmsteinberg@hotmail.com – A Denver Colorado Criminal Defense Lawyer – or call his office at 303-627-7777 during business hours – or call his cell if you cannot wait and need his immediate assistance – 720-220-2277. Attorney H. Michael Steinberg is passionate about criminal defense. His extensive knowledge and experience of Colorado Criminal Law gives him the edge you need to properly handle your case.

“A good criminal defense lawyer is someone who devotes themselves to their client’s case from beginning to end, always realizing that this case is the most important thing in that client’s life.”

30 years experience in Colorado Criminal LawYou should be careful to make a responsible choice in selecting a Colorado Criminal Defense Lawyer – and we encourage you to “vet” our firm. Over the last 30 plus years – by focusing ONLY on Colorado criminal law – H. Michael has had the necessary time to commit to the task of constantly updating himself on nearly every area of criminal law, to include Colorado criminal law and procedure and trial and courtroom practice. H. Michael works hard to get his clients the best possible results in and out of the courtroom. He has written, and continues to write, extensively on Colorado criminal law and he hopes this article helps you in some small way – Colorado Criminal Law – Early Termination Of Colorado Sex Offender Probation And The Impact Of A Violation Of A Deferred Judgment.

Summary
Colorado Criminal Law - Early Termination Of Colorado Sex Offender Probation And The Impact Of A Violation Of A Deferred Judgment
Article Name
Colorado Criminal Law - Early Termination Of Colorado Sex Offender Probation And The Impact Of A Violation Of A Deferred Judgment
Description
Colorado’s Sex Offender Lifetime Supervision Act of 1998 (SOLSA), § 18-1.3-1001 to -1012, C.R.S. is one of the harshest statutory schemes for isolating and punishing convicted sex offenders in the entire nation. A sentence to lifetime - indeterminate probation is often just setting up the offender for failure and many District Attorneys know that success over this length of intensive supervision probation is nearly impossible and many fail. But some succeed.
Author

Other Articles of Interest:

If you found the information provided on this webpage to be helpful, please click my Plus+1 button so that others may also find it.

___________________________
H. Michael Steinberg Esq.
Attorney and Counselor at Law
The Colorado Criminal Defense Law Firm of H. Michael Steinberg
A Denver, Colorado Lawyer Focused Exclusively On
Colorado Criminal Law For Over 30 Years.
DTC Quadrant Building
5445 DTC Parkway, Penthouse 4
Greenwood Village, Colorado, 80111
Primary Web Site:  http://www.HMichaelSteinberg.com
Colorado Criminal Law Blog:  www.Colorado-Criminal-Lawyer-Online.com
Main:  303.627.7777
Cell:  720.220.2277
24/7 Pager:  303.543.4433
FAX (Toll Free):  1.877.533.6276
Always investigate a lawyer's qualifications and experience before making a
decision to retain that lawyer or, for that matter, any professional ...in any field.